Importance Of Coorg in Indian Independence

Surrender of Tipu Sultan

Coorg, often known as the Scotland Of India, is famous across the country and possibly the world for it’s vibrant coffee plantations and lush green plains. Famous for various adventure sports and destination weddings, many people do not know that Coorg has deep ties to the Indian freedom struggle. Once an independent state, it was a few years after independence in the year 1956 that Coorg became a part of Mysore. This Independence Day, let us commemorate and cherish the contribution of these heroes of the past.

Here is a glimpse of the rich history of Coorg:


The Legend of Coorg

Kodagu or Coorg had three names in mythology – Matsyadesha, Brahmakshetra, and Krodadesha. The legend says that when Alexander the Great invaded India, many of his soldiers stayed back, came down South, and married the locals in the hills of the Western Ghats. The children born from them were some of the finest warriors and hunters. The Kodavas were an extremely dignified race who took great pride in their independence and self-assertion. Thus it came as no surprise that when the British rulers came knocking on their doors, they were faced with strong oppression by people who valued their freedom more than anything else.

The Monarchs And Revolutionaries of Coorg

Throughout the course of history, many South Indian royal families such as the Kadambas, Cholas, Gangas, Hoysalas, and even Tipu Sultan have ruled the area which is now known as the Coorg district.The British took over in the year 1834, exiled ChikkaVira Raja who was the presiding ruler and continued with their regime till 1947 when India finally ousted their oppressors. Many British men lost their lives during this takeover, as the Raja and the proud people of Coorg wanted to make sure that their freedom came at a price. One of the most famous freedom fighters from that era was Pandyanda Belliappa, also known as the Gandhi of Kodagu.

The Coorg Rebellion of 1837

Initially a rebellion led by the Gowdas, the Coorg Rebellion was actually started over possession of the hills of the Western Ghats, controlled by the Kodavas. The main cause of this rebellion was the change in revenue collection as necessitated by the British and followed up in the region of Amara Sulya. In 1837, the farmers were unable to pay the revenue money, as a result of which they faced constant pressure and torture from the British. The leaders like Kedambady Ramegowda, Aparampara, Puttabasappa, and Kalyanappa charged to Mangalore with hundreds of other people. The British lost that seat of power for almost two weeks, and only reclaimed it after coming back with heavy machinery and ammunition.

Revolutionaries of Coorg

When the Indian independence movement came into full swing, many leaders from the region of Coorg contributed and played their part in the national Satyagraha planned by Gandhi between 1930-31. Some of the more famous people from that time include Pandyanda Belliappa, Abdul Gafoor Khan, Ajjikuttira Chinnappa, Kalengada Chinnappa, Pandikanda Madappa and many others. While facing atrocities and dwindling numbers as compared to the rest of the country, the people of Coorg still kept fighting for their independence under their leaders until the very end.

The struggle for India’s freedom was a long and complex movement. It took the meticulous efforts of inspiring freedom fighters to bring harmony to the motherland. At Amanvana Spa Resort, we salute these brave heroes who dedicated themselves to the freedom of Coorg and also India. Settled on the banks of the river Kaveri, our resort in Coorg is symbolic to the peace and tranquility which is reflective of the land. This Independence Day, we celebrate the joy of freedom and dedicate our solemn respects to these brave souls who truly made our nation a wonder of the world !

Indian Flag in the sky